A pessary is a medical device that fits into the vagina to help support the uterus or bladder and rectum. It is a firm ring similar to the outer ring of a diaphragm that functions to reduce urine leakage by pressing against the vaginal and urethral walls. As a pessary is made of silicon rubber, it does not absorb any secretions or odours. Pessaries are available in different sizes and are sized based on the anatomy and individual needs of the patient so that it will not be noticeable by the patient. With continuous use of a pessary, you may feel a sensation of pressure or rubbing. If you observe any unusual bleeding or spotting, call your doctor immediately. Also, there may be an increase in vaginal discharge or secretion with the use of pessary. It is necessary to have regular follow-up appointments to change the size or shape of the pessary, which is common after the initial fit or after continued pessary use.
A pessary can be used for non-surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse. Pelvic organ prolapse occurs in women when the pelvic floor organs shift from the normal position and bulges out against the walls of the vagina. When this condition occurs you may feel a bulge coming out of the vaginal opening. The condition occurs due to weak or stretched pelvic muscles resulting from childbirth or surgery. A vaginal pessary is designed to support the areas of pelvic organ prolapse.
Some women may remove the pessary just before bed time and wear it again in the morning. If one feels comfortable, it may be left in place during sex.
Steps to follow while inserting the pessary:
Steps to follow while removing the pessary: